Flat reddish brown in color, oval in shape, up to 3/16 inches long. Will become swollen and reddish after a blood meal. Lives within cracks and crevices, including mattresses, seams and other areas around the bed. Feed only on blood, prefer human over animal. Female can deposit 1 to 5 eggs a day and can lay up to 200 to 500 eggs in a life time. Under normal room teperature and with an adequate food sorce, they can live up to a year.
Subterranean Termite Swarmer
Body is dark brown to almost black in color, about 3/8 inch long including the wings. Has 2 wings that are translucent with veins present. The swarmers are the type of termite that most home owners may see when they swarm. A swarm typically happens in the spring during mid-afternoon, signaling a well developed colony. After shedding their wings, swarmers pare off, burrow into the soil and begin a new colony.
There are three different casts of a termite colony. Workers are approxitmately 1/4 inches long, light in color, and are wingless. Soliders have elongated heads with mandibles. Supplementary reproductives are light colored and wingless or have very short non-functional wings. They live in colonies under ground where they build tunnels in search of food. They consume wood and other cellulose material. There is one queen per colony which can lay tens of thousands of eggs in a life time. Most eggs are laid by supplementary reproductives in an estalished colony.
Among the largest of the ants, measuring from 1/4 to 1 inches long. Most commonly black in color. Commonly found nesting in wood products. They will not consume the wood but rather cut into it to build their nest for there colony. Their diets will consist of any thing a human would consume such as meats and sweets. They are also known to feed on other insects or the dead within their own colony.
Light to medium brown with 2 dark black streaks on the thorax. They are nocturnal and will infest in areas close to food, moisture, and warmth. They are the most common cockroach found in homes and businesses. They will eat almost anything. An adult female can produce 1 egg capsule every 25 days. Each egg capsule can have up to 45 cockroaches.
Dark brown to black in color. Often enter buildings through sewer pipes. Prefer to live in damp cool areas such as a basement. Known to eat anything, they are often found eating sewage and decaying organic matter. An adult female will lay up to 8 eggs in a life time. Each egg capsule will contain up to 16 roaches.
Light brown or light grey, 3-4 inches long, large ears, small eyes, and a pointed nose. Nests within structures and burrows. Establishes a territory near food sources that are generally 10-30 feet from nest. Inquisitive but very wary, they are also excellent climbers. They perfer to eat cereals and grains but are omnivorous. They are prolific breeders by 2 months of age. They can have litters as often as every 40-50 days, with about 4-7 young per litter. An adult can live up to a year.
Brown in color, heavy bodied, 6-8 inches long, small eyes, small ears, and a blunt nose. Tail is shorter than the head and body. They nest in underground burrows and voids in structures and tend to remain in hiding during the day. They prefer meats but are omnivourous and cannot go long with out water. Reaches sexual maturity in 2 months. Can have litter sizes from 8-12. Females can have 4-7 litters per year.
Wolf Spiders1/2 inch – 2 inches in length, hairy, and are typically brown to gray in color with various markings. Females carry their large egg sacs around with them. When spiderlings hatch they climb onto their mothers back and ride around until partially grown. They are not poisonous, but as with all spiders, bites may cause reactions in certain individuals. They are common household pests in the fall when they are looking for a warm place to overwinter. They do not spin webs, but roam at night to hunt for food. They are commonly confused with brown recluse spiders, but they lack the unmistakable violin shape marking behind the head.
Yellow and black in color, 1/2 – 1 inch long, waist is thin and defined with wings elongated and the same size as the head and body. They are very aggressive defenders of their colonies. Their sting is painful and each wasp is capable of stinging multiple times. They ground nest and make nests of wall voids inside structures. They are pollinators and will eat other insects but also are scavengers which make them a large nuisance. In late summer, the colony produces many queens that overwinter and start new colonies in the spring.
Bald Faced Hornet
Black in color with body and face marked in white, 1/2 – 1 inch long. Build football shapped hanging nests. Colonies begin in spring and their nests can grow to be as large around as a basketball. Can have as many as 700 workers. They prey on insects. The workers are very aggressive when disturbed. Nests should never be permitted to develop near a home. Nests should not be handled with out the assistance of a professional.
Adult Fleas are approximately 1/8 inch long. Their bodies are shiny and reddish-brown. The cat flea is the most common flea in North America. Fleas attach themselves to a host. The female flea layes her eggs on the surface of the host. Eggs can then drop off the host and infest in carpets flooring and bedding, within 14 days they will hatch. Fleas establish large populations where pets and other animals are present. Fleas also feed on humans and some people can exhibit flea allergies. Fleas may also carry human diseases.
Common North American species are brownish to black in color and are about an inch and a half long. Their bodies are segmented with 2 pairs of legs per segment. They prefer damp and decaying wood and plant matter. Eggs are deposited in the soil. Most species reach sexual maturity in the second year and live several years after that. There are occasions when thousands of millipedes will populate and area. Sometimes carpeting the ground and side of buildings with their bodies.
Centipedes are elongated with flat segmented bodies that contain a pair of legs for all but one segment. Adults are brown and measure over one inch in length. Their heads have a pair of long sensitive antennae. They have small mouths and large claw like structures that contain venom glands. They are carnivorous creatures that forage for food at night using their claws to paralyze their victims. They live in dark moist areas and can live up to 6 years.
Earwigs range in size from 1/4 – 1 inch. They are slender insects with two pairs of wings and pinchers on the back used for defense and catching prey. Earwigs are active at night. During the day they hide in cracks in damp areas. They eat plants and insects. In the spring the female lays eggs in burrows. She tends to the eggs until they hatch and then cares for the nymphs until they can find there own food. They are attracted to lights. Earwigs move into homes to find food or because of a change in weather.